It has been said, and I agree, that the Old Testament is the New Testament concealed and the New Testament is the Old Testament revealed. With that in mind, we can see how the Old Testament is riddled with prophecies that would come to pass in the New Testament and beyond. Jesus fulfilled many prophecies in His life. I got most of this information from www.100prophecies.org: This is list of some of these prophecies:
1. God’s salvation would reach the ends of the earth
Bible passage: Isaiah 49:6
Written: perhaps between 701-681 BC
Fulfilled: 32 AD
In Isaiah 49:6, the prophet speaks of a servant of God who would serve the people of Judah and Israel (the two Jewish kingdoms), but would also be a light to Gentiles (non-Jews) so that God’s salvation would reach the ends of the earth. Christians believe that Jesus is the fulfillment of this promise. Jesus, and His followers who helped spread Christianity about 2000 years ago, have certainly been a light to Gentiles. There are now about 2 billion Christians worldwide. And Christians believe that salvation is available to anyone who accepts Jesus Christ as their savior.
Here is Isaiah 49:6
“It is too small a thing for you to be my servant to restore the tribes of Jacob and bring back those of Israel I have kept. I will also make you a light for the Gentiles, that you may bring my salvation to the ends of the earth.”
2. God promised another prophet like Moses
Bible passage: Deuteronomy 18:15-18
Written: perhaps 1400 BC
Fulfilled: about 5 BC to 30 AD
In Deuteronomy 18:15-18, Moses told the Jews that God would raise up another prophet like Moses. After Moses, there was a succession of prophets, including Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel, and finally Jesus Christ. Jesus was very much like Moses: Both were delivered from death as infants. Both were prophets. Both performed miracles. Both were leaders. And both were intermediaries between God and man. No other prophet is as much like Moses than Jesus. Moses led the Jews out of the bonds of slavery in Egypt to the Promised Land of Israel. Moses died shortly before the Jews entered Israel. Jesus leads people – anyone who accepts Jesus as their Savior – out of the bonds of sin and into the Promised Land of Heaven. Jesus died for our sins so that people could enter the Kingdom of Heaven.
Here is Deuteronomy 18:15-18
The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me (Moses) from among your own brothers. You must listen to him. … The Lord said to me … “I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him.”
3. Isaiah foreshadowed the virgin birth of Jesus
Bible passage: Isaiah 7:14
Written: perhaps between 701-681 BC
Fulfilled: 5 BC
In Isaiah 7:14, the prophet delivers what many Christians consider to be a dual prophecy, one that was fulfilled symbolically 2700 years ago, and one that was fulfilled literally with the birth of Jesus about 2000 years ago. The symbolic part of the prophecy correctly stated that a political alliance that threatened Jewish sovereignty would fail in a short amount of time. That amount of time was defined as the amount of time that it takes for a child to learn right from wrong. But, Christians believe this prophecy has a second meaning, that there would be someone born of a virgin, who would be referred to as “Immanuel,” which means, “God with us.” Jesus was born of the virgin Mary and is the Son of God. Because He is the Son of God, Jesus literally can be referred to as “God with us.”
Non-Christian scholars have challenged this interpretation. They say that the Hebrew word “almah,” which is the word that Christian Bibles translate as “virgin,” actually means “young woman.” It is true that “almah” means “young woman,” however, the Bible never uses the word to refer specifically to a married woman. And the Bible makes it clear that unmarried women are supposed to be virgins.
Here is Isaiah 7:14
Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and [*] will call him Immanuel.
* either “he” or “they”
4. The Messiah would come from the tribe of Judah
Bible passage: Genesis 49:10
Written: perhaps 1400 BC
Fulfilled: 5 BC
In Genesis 49:10, a man named Jacob, who is also known as “Israel,” is blessing his 12 sons. This blessing turns out to be a prophecy. Jacob tells his son Judah that his descendants will be rulers, and will continue to be rulers until the kingship “comes to whom it belongs, and the obedience of nations is his.” Christians believe that this is a reference to Jesus Christ, a descendant of Judah, who will rule an everlasting kingdom. Jesus was born about 2000 years after Jacob died. Jesus’ ancestry is traced back to Jacob’s son, Judah, in Luke 3:23-34 and in Matthew 1:1-16. Today, about 2 billion Christians worldwide follow the teachings of Jesus. Christians believe that Jesus will return in the future to rule over an everlasting kingdom.
Here is Genesis 49:10
The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until he comes to whom it belongs and the obedience of the nations is his.
5. The Messiah would be born in Bethlehem
Bible passage: Micah 5:2
Written: sometime between 750-686 BC
Fulfilled: 5 BC
In Micah 5:2, there is a prophecy that many Christians point to as evidence that Jesus is the Messiah. In this Bible passage, Micah says that a great ruler would be born in Bethlehem, a small town in southern Israel. Jesus was born in Bethlehem, as recorded in Matthew 2:1, about 2000 years ago. Aside from being the spiritual leader of 2 billion Christians worldwide, Christians believe that Jesus will return in the future and rule over an everlasting kingdom. There is disagreement regarding the translation of Micah 5:2. Some people say that the reference to “Bethlehem” is simply a reference to the bloodline of King David. Other people say that it is a reference to the town of Bethlehem. However, as explained in the book of Matthew, Jesus meets both criteria – He is a descendant of King David and He was born in Bethlehem.
Here is Micah 5:2
“But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.”
6. The Messiah would be preceded by a messenger
Bible passage: Isaiah 40:3
Written: perhaps between 701-681 BC
Fulfilled: 27 AD
In Isaiah 40:3, the prophet writes about a person in the desert who prepares the way for the Lord. Christians historically have said that this passage foreshadows the life of John the Baptist, who played an important role in laying the groundwork for the ministry of Jesus Christ. Jesus was born shortly after John the Baptist about 2000 years ago. The book of Matthew records many events of the life of Jesus and John the Baptist. In Matthew 3:1-2, the Bible says: “In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the Desert of Judea, and saying, Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.”
Here is Isaiah 40:3
A voice of one calling: “In the desert prepare the way for the Lord; make straight in the wilderness a highway for our God. Every valley shall be raised up, every mountain and hill made low; the rough ground shall become level, the rugged places a plain. And the glory of the Lord will be revealed, and all mankind together will see it. For the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”
7. Daniel predicted when an anointed one would be rejected
Bible passage: Daniel 9:24-26
Written: about 530 BC
Fulfilled: 26 AD
The prophet Daniel was a Jew who lived during the time of the Babylonian Captivity, about 500 years before the birth of Jesus. During part of Daniel’s lifetime, the Babylonians had destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple and had taken many Jews as captives to Babylon. Daniel, while in Babylon, delivered a prophecy of what would happen during the centuries that followed. Here is our summary of Daniel 9:24-26:
1. There would be a decree to rebuild Jerusalem.
2. Jerusalem and the Temple would be rebuilt.
3. Then an “anointed one” (Messiah) would be “cut off” (an idiom for rejected or killed).
4. Then Jerusalem and the Temple would be destroyed, again.
All of these historically recorded events later happened, in the same order in which they are described in Daniel 9:24-26:
1. After the Medo-Persians had conquered the neo-Babylonian empire about 2539 years ago, they ruled a vast empire that included the land of Israel. About 2445 years ago (about 445 BC), Persian king Artaxerxes gave permission to the Jews to rebuild Jerusalem, which was still in ruins after having been destroyed earlier by the Babylonians.
2. The Jews rebuilt the Temple and the city of Jerusalem.
3. Then, about 2000 years ago, Jesus entered Jerusalem as the Messiah who had been promised by Old Testament prophets. But, many people rejected Jesus as the Messiah and He was crucified by the Romans.
4. About 40 years after Jesus was crucified, the Romans destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple. (The Temple has not been rebuilt since then).
Here is Daniel 9:24-26
“Seventy `sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy.
“Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven `sevens,’ and sixty-two `sevens.’ It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble.
After the sixty-two `sevens,’ the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing. The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed.
8. The Messiah would enter Jerusalem while riding on a donkey
Bible passage: Zechariah 9:9
Written: between 520 and 518 BC
Fulfilled: 32 AD
In Zechariah 9:9, the prophet speaks of a future king presenting himself to Jerusalem while riding on a humble donkey. This foreshadowed something that happened about 500 years later: As explained in Luke 19:35-37, Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey and presented Himself as the Messiah, the King.
Alfred Edersheim, a Christian Jew who lived during the 1800s, studied ancient Rabbinical writings, and said that Zechariah 9:9 was often interpreted as being about a Messiah. In the book, “The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah,” Edersheim wrote: “The Messianic application of this verse in all its parts has already been repeatedly indicated. We may here add that there are many traditions about this donkey on which the Messiah is to ride; and so firm was the belief in it, that, according to the Talmud, `if anyone saw a donkey in his dreams, he will see salvation’ (Ber 56 b).”
Here is Zechariah 9:9
Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey.
9. Jesus was betrayed by a friend
Bible passage: Psalm 41:9
Written: about 1000 BC
Fulfilled: 32 AD
In Psalm 41:9, King David writes a prayer asking for mercy in his last days. In this prayer, which Christians believe was inspired by God, David writes about a betrayal at the hand of a close friend with whom he had shared bread. This foreshadowed something that happened years later with Jesus. As explained in Matthew 26:47-50, Jesus was betrayed by Judas, one of the 12 apostles, shortly after Jesus and the apostles had shared bread during the Last Supper. Jesus was crucified by the Romans a short time later.
Here is Psalm 41:9
Even my close friend, whom I trusted, he who shared my bread, has lifted up his heel against me.
10. Zechariah foreshadowed the betrayal of Jesus for 30 pieces of silver
Bible passage: Zechariah 11:12-13
Written: between 520 and 518 BC
Fulfilled: 32 AD
In Zechariah 11:12-13, the prophet speaks of a person being paid 30 pieces of silver to betray someone. This foreshadowed something that happened to Jesus about 500 years later. As explained in Matthew 26:15, Judas was paid 30 silver coins for his betrayal of Jesus. Judas told the Romans when and where they could arrest Jesus without being surrounded by a large crowd of Jesus’ followers. But, as explained in Matthew 27:5-7, Judas later tossed the money into the Temple (the house of the Lord) and the money was used to buy a potter’s field as a burial place for foreigners.
Here is Zechariah 11:12-13
I told them, “If you think it best, give me my pay; but if not, keep it.” So they paid me thirty pieces of silver. And the Lord said to me, “Throw it to the potter”–the handsome price at which they priced me! So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the Lord to the potter.
Acknowledgements: All Bible verses on this Web site use the English translation of the New International Version Bible. The research for the explanations of the 100 Bible prophecies on this site was done by the staff at 100prophecies.org, unless otherwise stated.
|The Messiah must…||Prophecy||Fulfillment by Jesus|
|Be born in Bethlehem||Micah 5:2||Matthew 2:1; Luke 2:4-7|
|Be adored by great persons||Psalms 72:10-11||Matthew 2:1-11|
|Be anointed with the Spirit of God||Isaiah 11:2,61:1||Matthew 3:16; John 3:34; Acts 10:38|
|Be hated without cause||Isaiah 49:7;Psalms 69:4||John 15:24-25|
|Be undesired and rejected by His own people||Isaiah 53:2,63:3; Psalms 69:8||Mark 6:3; Luke 9:58; John 1:11,|
|Be plotted against by Jews and Gentiles together||Psalms 2:1-2||Acts 4:27|
|Be betrayed by a friend||Psalms 41:9,55:12-24||Matthew 26:21-25, 47-50;John 13:18-21; Acts 1:16-18|
|Be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver||Zechariah 11:12||Matthew 26:16|
|Have his price given for a potter’s field||Zechariah 11:13||Matthew 27:7|
|Be forsaken by His disciples||Zechariah 13:7||Matthew 26:31, 56|
|Be struck on the cheek||Micah 5:1||Matthew 27:30|
|Be spat on||Isaiah 50:6||Matthew 26:67, 27:30|
|Be mocked||Psalms 22:7-8||Matthew 27:31, 39-44|
|Be beaten||Isaiah 50:6||Matthew 26:67, 27:26, 30|
|Be thirsty during His execution||Psalms 22:15||John 19:28|
|Be given vinegar to quench that thirst||Psalms 69:21||Matthew 27:34|
|Be considered a transgressor||Isaiah 53:12||Matthew 27:38|
|Be buried with the rich when dead||Isaiah 53:9||Matthew 27:57-60|
|Be sought after by Gentiles as well as Jews||Isaiah 11:10,42:1||Acts 10:45|
|Be accepted by the Gentiles||Isaiah 11:10,42:1-4, 49:1-12||Matthew 12:21; Acts 10:45;Romans 15:9-12|
Now that you have seen this comparison, you must answer this question, “What will you do about Jesus?”
- He would be a descendent of Abraham.
(Genesis 12:1-3; 18:18; 22:18; Matthew 1:1-2,17; Galatians 3:8,16)
- He would be from the tribe of Judah.
(Genesis 49:8-10; Hebrews 7:14; Revelation 5:5)
- He would be a descendent of David.
(2 Samuel 7:4-5,12-13; 1 Chronicles 17:11-14; Psalm 132:11; Luke 1:32-33,67-69; Acts 2:29-30; Matthew 1:17; Romans 1:3)
- He would be born in Bethlehem (Beit Lechem).
(Micah 5:2; Matthew 2:4-6; John 7:42)
- He would be from Nazareth and be called a Nazarene.
(Judges 13:5-7, 24; Matthew 2:23; Luke 1:26-27; John 1:45)
- The exact time of His crucifixion was known (483 years from the decree to build the temple, which was around 444 B.C.E.).
(Daniel 9:25; Nehemiah 2:1-8; 5:14)
- He would be born of a virgin.
(Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:20-23; Galatians 4:4; Genesis 3:15)
- His name would be Immanuel. Immanuel in Hebrew means “G-d with us”
(Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:21-23)
- His name would be Jesus (Yeshua in Hebrew). The word Yeshua in Hebrew means “salvation.” It is derived from another Hebrew word, Yashah, which means “to save, deliver, preserve, bring salvation, get victory.”
- His name would be Messiah.. The word Christ in English comes from the Greek word Christos, which means “the anointed one.” Christos in Greek is the wordMashiach in Hebrew, which also means “the anointed one.” The word Mashiachmeans “Messiah.”
- He would be the only begotten Son of G-d.
(Psalm 2:2,6-7; John 1:14; Acts 13:33; Hebrews 1:1-2,5)
- He would be the Son of G-d and G-d would be His Father.
(Psalm 89:26-27; 2 Samuel 7:8,12-14; 1 Chronicles 22:7-10; Hebrews 1:1-2,5; Mark 14:36; John 20:30-31)
- He would be circumcised the eighth day according to the law of purification.
(Leviticus 12:1-6; Luke 2:21-24)
- He would go to Egypt and return to the land of Israel.
(Hosea 11:1; Matthew 2:13-15)
- Young babies would die in an attempt to kill Yeshua at His birth.
(Jeremiah 31:15; Matthew 2:16-18)
- He would be preceded by a messenger (a type of Elijah) known as John the Immerser (Baptist) who would prepare the way of the Lord.
(Malachi 3:1; Luke 1:13,76; Matthew 11:7,10)
- The messenger, John the Immerser (Baptist), would be preaching in the wilderness.
(Isaiah 40:3-5; Luke 1:13,80,3:2-6)
- He would be a prophet like Moses (Moshe).
(Deuteronomy 18:15; John 1:45; Acts 3:20-23)
- He would be anointed of the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh).
(Isaiah 11:1-2; 42:1; Matthew 3:16)
- He would preach and teach in the temple (Beit HaMikdash).
(Malachi 3:1; Luke 4:16; Matthew 26:55; John 7:28; 8:1-2)
- He came specifically to the house of Israel and not to the Gentiles.
- Yeshua would be rejected by His own people Israel (corporately). [Note: It should be pointed out that many, many individual Jews were believers in Messiah during the first century. This can be seen very clearly by carefully examining Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, and the Book of Acts.]
(Psalm 69:8; 31:11; 88:8,18; Job 19:13; John 1:11; 7:3,5)]
Yeshua is the stone that the builders rejected.
(Psalm 118:22; Isaiah 3:10-12; Romans 9:11)
- Yeshua would be received by the Gentiles (corporately). [Note: It should be pointed out that many Gentiles are not believers in Yeshua and many others are believers in name only and not true followers with their hearts. The believers in Messiah are commanded to follow G-d with all of their heart (Deuteronomy 6:4-9).]
(Isaiah 11:10; 42:6; 49:6,22; 54:3; 60:3,5,11,16; 61:6,9; 62:2; 66:12,19; Malachi 1:11; Luke 2:30-32; Acts 28:28)
- He would speak in parables.
(Psalm 78:2-4; Matthew 13:34-35)
- The ministry of Yeshua would be in Galilee.
(Isaiah 9:1-2; Matthew 4:12-16,23)
- His ministry would be to heal the sick, set the captives free, and preach deliverance. This is known as the basar (gospel) in Hebrew.
(Isaiah 61:1-2; Luke 4:16-21; Matthew 4:23; 9:34-35; Acts 2:22; 10:38)
- Yeshua was to be the shepherd of Israel because Israel had no shepherd.
(Ezekiel 34:5-10; 1 Kings 22:17; Zechariah 10:2; Genesis 49:22,24; Psalm 23:1; 80:1; Isaiah 40:10-11; Ezekiel 34:23-24; 37:24; John 10:11,14-15)
- His message would not be believed.
(Isaiah 53:1; John 12:37-38)
- The meek would praise Him.
(Psalm 8:1-2; Matthew 21:15-16)
- Illegal merchandise trading would be done in the temple.
(Psalm 69:9; John 2:13-17; Isaiah 56:7; Matthew 21:12-13)
- He would be hated.
(Psalm 69:4; 35:19; 109:2-3; 119:161; John 15:24-25)
- He would be a reproach to the people.
(Psalm 69:9; 89:50-51; Romans 15:3)
- He would not seek publicity.
(Isaiah 42:1-2; Matthew 12:15-19; 9:30; 8:4)
- He can be trusted and would be compassionate.
(Isaiah 42:3; Matthew 12:15,20-21)
- No evil words would proceed from His mouth.
(Isaiah 53:9; Luke 23:41; 1 Peter 2:21-22; 2 Corinthians 5:21)
- His disciples would forsake Him.
(Zechariah 13:7; Matthew 26:31-35,56)
- There was nothing physically beautiful in Him to be desired.
(Isaiah 53:2; Psalm 22:6; Mark 6:1-3; Philippians 2:7)
- He gave up the glory in Heaven for the poverty of earth.
(Luke 9:58; 2 Corinthians 8:9)
- He would publicly enter Jerusalem (Yerushalayim) before the time of His crucifixion.
(Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 21:1-5)
- He would ride into Jerusalem (Yerushalayim) on a donkey.
(Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 21:5)
- He would be sold for 30 pieces of silver.
(Zechariah 11:12; Matthew 26:14-16)
- His betrayal price would be given for a potter’s field.
(Zechariah 11:13; Matthew 27:3,7-10)
- He would be betrayed by a friend.
(Psalm 41:9; John 13:18-21)
- Both Jew and Gentile would conspire against Him.
(Psalm 2:1-2; Acts 4:27-28; Matthew 26:3; 27:1-2)
- He would be nailed to a tree.
(Deuteronomy 21:22-23; Psalm 22:16; John 19:18; 20:25)
- He would suffer for others.
(Isaiah 53:6; Matthew 20:28)
- He would die for our sins.
(Isaiah 53:5; 1 Corinthians 15:3; 1 Peter 2:24)
- He would be mocked.
(Psalm 22:7-8; Matthew 27:39-43)
- He would die with the transgressors.
(Isaiah 53: 12; Mark 15:27-28)
- He would make intercession for His murderers.
(Isaiah 53:12; Luke 23:34)
- He would be smitten.
(Micah 5:1; Isaiah 50:6; Lamentations 3:30; Matthew 26:67; 27:30)
- He would be spit upon.
(Isaiah 50:6; Matthew 26:67, 27:30)
- He would be forsaken by G-d.
(Psalm 22:1; Matthew 27:46)
- He would be given gall and vinegar to eat and drink.
(Psalm 69:21; Matthew 27:34,48)
- He did not open His mouth when accused.
(Isaiah 53:7; Matthew 26:63-64; 27:12-14)
- His garments would be parted.
(Psalm 22:18; Matthew 27:35)
- Not one bone would be broken.
(Psalm 34:20; John 19:33,36)
- He would be pierced.
(Zechariah 12:10; John 19:34,37)
- He would be like a lamb going to the slaughter.
(Isaiah 53:7; Acts 8:26-35)
- He is King of the Jews (and the world).
(Psalm 2:6; John 18:33,37; 19:19-22)
- He would be buried with the rich.
(Isaiah 53:9; Matthew 27:57-60)
- He would die.
(Isaiah 53:12; Matthew 27:50)
- His soul would not be left in hell.
(Psalm 16:10; 49:15; 56:13; Acts 2:27,31; 13:33-35)
- He would rise from the dead.
(Psalm 16:10; Luke 24:6,31,34; Acts 2:27-31; 13:35)
- Others would rise from the dead with Him.
(Psalm 68:18; Ephesians 4:8; Matthew 27:52-53)
- He would rise the third day from the grave.
(Jonah 1:17; 1 Corinthians 15:4; Luke 24:45-46; Matthew 12:40)
- He would ascend into Heaven.
(Psalm 68:18; Acts 1:9; Luke 24:50-51)
- He would sit at the right hand of G-d.
(Psalm 110:1; Hebrews 1:2-3; Ephesians 1:20-21; 1 Peter 3:22)
- He would usher in a New Covenant (Brit Hadashah).
(Jeremiah 31:31; Luke 22:20)
- He would be a sure foundation to all who believe.
(Isaiah 28: 16; Romans 10:11; 1 Peter 2:4-6)